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CliC News

Here's what has been happening lately in CliC. Let us know if you have things to share.

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WCRP Grand Callenge Workshop news in Spanish

Read the news article about the WCRP Grand Challenge Workshop in Tromsø, Norway, 16-18 October 2013 from Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA) Chile, in Spanish at: http://www.ceaza.cl/en/ceaza-participa-en-taller-del-programa-de-investigacion-climatica-mundial-en-noruega/

Recent CliC Frostbytes

As one of the requirements for early career researchers receiving travel funds to attend CliC sponsored events, they are required to share their research by developing a FrostByte, a short videos on the latest and greatest cryosphere research they are working on. We are happy to present a number of new FrostBytes from recent workshops:

FrostBytes from the PALSEA2 Workshop: Estimating rates and sources of sea-level change during past warm periods, held in Rome, Italy from 21-24 (25) October 2013:

Anders Carlson: Ice-Sheet Paleo-History
Erin Dlabola: Past Enviroments of Fiordland, New Zealand
Jean Liu: Constraining the source of the largest sea-level rise recorded in geological history, MWP-1A
Gina Moseley: Relative sea-level shange in the Yucatan Peninsular, Mexico derived from growth of stalagmites
Kelsey Winsor: A pre-Little Ice Age Late-Holocene glacier maximum in southern Greenland

FrostBytes presented at the WCRP Cryosphere in a Changing Climate Grand Challenge, held in Tromsø, Norway from 16 - 18 October 2013:

Alfredo Costa: Antarctic Climate Change and Variability & connections with global processes
Natalie Kehrwald: Playing with fire: Biomass burning, climate and the cryosphere
Shelley MacDonell: Finding water in the desert
Allen Pope: Studying Ice and Snow with Landsat 8

FrostBytes presented at the Ice Rises Workshop from August 26 to 29 2013 in Tromsø, Norway:

Surendra Adhikari: Future Evolution of Antarctic Bed Topography
Chris Borstad: Weakening contract between ice shelves and ice rises caused by fractures
Joel Brown: Ice rise mass balance from ground based measurements
Knut Christianson: Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Resaerch Drilling: Surface Geophysics
Reinhard  Drews: Ice-Rises and Ice Rumples
TJ Fudge: Dating an Antarctic Ice Core
Jonny Kingslake: Three-dimensional velocity structure of ice rises measured using phase-sensitive radar
Adriano Lemos: Comparative Analysis of Variations in Wet Snow Zone & the Main Break-up & Retreat Events in Wilkins Ice Shelf
Oliver Marsh: Ice Thickness at ice rises around Antarctica derived from satellite interferometry
Atsu Muto: Gravity Measurements
Morgane Philippe: Constraining ice mass changes in Antarctica
Kiya Riverman: Why is there fast ice flow on NE Greenland, and how will it impact sea level rise??
Brice Van Liefferinge: Are ice rises cold or warm based? Consequences for their flow regime

More FrostBytes from the CliC Sea Ice Modeling and Observing Workshop, held in Tromsø, Norway from 5 - 7 June 2013:

Gina Henderson: Naval Academy Ice EXperiment
Penelope Wagner: Evaluating the Sea Ice Edge with the Use of Operational Charts

Erik Warming, an APECS member and ice sheet graduate student, is helping early career scientists who attend CliC sponsored workshops to create FrostBytes, see his How to make a FrostByte video. To make your own FrostByte, visit CliC's FrostBytes webpage. For more FrostBytes and other cryosphere videos from CliC, visit our media gallery, our Vimeo channel, or subscribe to our podcast series.

See more FrostBytes at: http://www.climate-cryosphere.org/categories/138-frostbytes.

CliC initiator Awarded the Volvo Environment Prize

The Chinese glaciologist and climate scientist Dr. Qin Dahe has been awarded this year's Volvo Environment Prize. The award winner is a key contributor to the fifth assessment report from the UN climate panel (IPPC), whose first section, the "Physical Science Basis", was released in September. He attracted wide attention last year with a report on how climate change leads to more extreme weather events, the first report to show scientifically what many had already suspected, that extreme weather and climate phenomena have become more frequent over the last 50 years. Dr. Qin Dahe was member of the ACSYS/CliC Scientific Steering Group from 2001-2008, started the Asian CliC chapter and was central in the arrangements of the First CliC Science Conference held in 2005 in Bejing, China.


CliC - related sessions at the European Conference on Permafrost

Registration and abstract submission are now open for the 4th European Conference on Permafrost – IPA Regional Conference (EUCOP4), held in Évora, Portugal from 18 to 21 June 2014. The deadline for abstract submission is 15 December 2013.

We would like to draw your attention to the following EUCOP4 sessions of particular interest for the CliC community, session 17 and session 6 follow on CliC sponsored workshops:

Session 22. Permafrost International Monitoring, Observing and Coordinating Activities, Chaired by Hugues Lantuit (AWI, Germany) and CliC Director Jenny Baeseman (CliC) with Key-note Speaker former CliC Scientific Steering Group member: Vladimir Romanovsky, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA.

Permafrost research has evolved considerably over the past fifty years. From a science discipline practiced by a few specialists to a central topic in Earth system science involving a wide range of specialties and disciplines. This breadth of science has raised the expectations put on the community of permafrost scientists, and has prompted the need to have timely permafrost information and discoveries from around the globe. This has created a need to improve the current capacity of individual and national permafrost research projects by enhancing and improving international collaboration. In this session, we will highlight recent and necessary efforts to consolidate and coordinate permafrost research activities at the regional and global level to address societal and scientific needs. The session will feature projects, networks, or people initiating or leading coordination efforts, may it be under the helm of international organisations such as the International Permafrost Association or the Climate and Cryosphere project, or simply through national and/or bottom-up networks and groups. The session will provide a forum to explore the plans of global observing systems in relation to permafrost, for space agencies to present new permafrost space monitoring efforts and for international organisations and/or projects to showcase products and deliverables achieved through networking as well as discuss areas where more coordination is needed. The session will also address the challenges of integrating current monitoring, observing and modeling coordination efforts and explore strategies to address these challenges by involving local communities and traditional knowledge in the process.

Session 19. Bridging the gap between models and observations in permafrost landscapes. Chairs: Julia Boike (AWI) and CliC Scientific Steering Group member Gerhard Krinner (Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement) Key-note Speaker: Sebastian Westermann, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo.

In a changing climate, both the impacts on permafrost ecosystems and their feedbacks on the climate system will be mediated by fluxes of energy and mass that occur between the ground and the atmosphere. A better understanding of land-atmosphere interactions is thus key to sound predictions on the future permafrost state and its role in the global climate system. To achieve this goal, in particular improvements in the process representations and parameterizations in atmospheric circulation models are required. In the last decade, an increasing number of measurement campaigns in permafrost environments have focused on providing high-quality Earth observation data sets that are employed for validation and improvement of permafrost processes in atmospheric modeling schemes. This session seeks to bring together field scientists and modelers who aim for a better understanding of the coupled permafrost-snow-vegetation-atmosphere system. We encourage contributions about measurements and modeling approaches for transfer processes of energy (e.g. radiation and turbulent fluxes) and mass (e.g. carbon, nitrogen and water) in permafrost environments. The session will present a forum for discussion between field-based and modeling-focused scientists, which will help to define requirements of the modeling community to future research campaigns and data sets. Contributions from large scale integrated research projects, such as the EU funded 7th framework project PAGE21 or the RCN, are also welcome.

Session 18. Permafrost and frozen ground engineering. Chairs: Component Team member of the CliC sponsored Arctic freshwater Synthesis Arne Instanes (UNIS, Norway and member of ISSMGE TC216) Huijun Jin (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China) Key-note Speaker: Brian Moorman, Department of Geography of the University of Calgary, Canada.

The engineering session welcomes contributions from scientists and engineers involved in research and practice related to permafrost and frozen ground engineering.
Topics may include:-Cold regions infrastructure design

-Transportation systems in cold regions

-Pipelines in permafrost

-Oil and gas

-Environmental considerations

-Climate change impact assessments

-Mechanical behavior of permafrost and frozen ground

-Frost heave and thaw settlement processes

-Artificial ground freezing and artificial cooling devices

Session 17. Remote Sensing, DEMs and GIS applications in periglacial research. Chairs: Anne Morgenstern (AWI, Germany) Annett Bartsch (Vienna University of Technology, Austria) Key-note Speaker: Guido Grosse, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Related to the DUE Permafrost workshop:
Recent advances in remote sensing and geo information technologies allow observation of permafrost and periglacial landforms and dynamics with increasing spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution as well as higher precision. Such satellite, airborne, and ground-based remote sensing data are now frequently used for qualitative and quantitative investigations in periglacial research both in polar lowland and mountain permafrost regions. This session aims at demonstrating and discussing the applicability, potential, and constraints of high-resolution remote sensing data, digital elevation models (DEMs), and their spatial analysis using geographic information systems (GIS) for answering current and pressing questions in permafrost science. We invite contributions from all sensors (optical, radar, laser scanners), platforms (satellite, airborne, terrestrial), methods (photogrammetry, field surveys, geostatistics, etc.), and applications (geomorphological, hydrological, ecological, engineering, etc.).

Session 6. Biogeochemistry of Permafrost in Transition. Chairs: Warwick Vincent (Univ. Laval, Canada) João Canário (Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal) Key-note Speaker: Bo Elberling, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Related to the THAW 2014 workshop:
There is increasing concern about the effects of climate change on the thawing of permafrost at high latitudes and the resultant mobilization of carbon, nutrients and metals within and from watersheds underlain by permafrost. Arctic permafrost contains a major fraction of the world’s soil organic carbon, and until recently this was considered to be deep frozen and largely sequestered from global biogeochemical cycles. However, the rapid thawing of permafrost has begun to result in the release of some of this carbon into the atmosphere as greenhouse gases, which in turn may have positive feedback effects that accelerate permafrost degradation. Permafrost thaw processes may also influence aquatic ecosystems such as northern lakes, rivers and coastal waters. Antarctic permafrost has also been affected by climate change in some locations, and there is increasing interest in the microbiology and biogeochemistry of these south polar soils. This session will focus on biogeochemical processes in polar and alpine permafrost environments, with special attention to carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and trace element cycles. The session will also include contributions on the microbial ecology of permafrost ecosystems such as polar deserts, thermokarst lakes and tundra wetlands, and the environmental consequences of permafrost thaw at regional and global scales.



THAW 2014 - registration and abstract submission open

- a CliC sponsored event

The THermokarst Aquatic ecosystems Workshop - THAW 2014: Freshwater ecosystems in changing permafrost landscapes, website is now open for abstract submission with a closing date of 15 November. All details about abstract submission and registration can be found at: http://www.cen.ulaval.ca/thaw2014/registration01.aspx (in French: http://www.cen.ulaval.ca/thaw2014/fr_registration01.aspx). Please note: you must also register if you plan to attend but not submit an abstract. Visit the THAW2014 workshop at: http://www.cen.ulaval.ca/thaw2014/index.aspx

Online registration now open for the 'International Symposium on Sea Ice in a Changing Environment'

- a CliC sponsored event

Online registration for the 'International Symposium on Sea Ice in a Changing Environment', due to be held 10–14 March 2014, in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, is now open.

Please go to at http://www.igsoc.org/symposia/2014/hobart/

The second circular is posted on the IGS website. http://www.igsoc.org/symposia/2014/hobart/Hobart2ndcircular_web.pdf

Because the abstract deadline was extended by effectively four weeks, the pre-registration deadline will also be extended until 1 December 2013. After that date, a late fee of AU $100 will be added.

4th issue of Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) Update

- a CliC endorsed project

The latest issue of SOOS Update, the quarterly newsletter of the Southern Ocean Observing System, is now available to view at: http://us7.campaign-archive1.com/?u=6079721428d48d4ef17d281b1&id=9eda4f0caf&e=61d7304df5

First Sustained Arctic Observing Networks Newsletter Available

- CliC is an affiliated organization of the SAON efforts

The newsletter will provide you with information about the progress of the different SAON Projects and forthcoming activities related to Arctic observing. In this first newsletter, we will introduce SAON and the SAON Board to you, and also provide you with the latest information on SAON´s tasks. Read the Newsletter in the CliC media Gallery.

More information is provided on SAON's website at www.arcticobserving.org.


Update from the Permafrost Carbon Network

- a CliC endorsed and supported effort

The Permafrost Carbon Research Coordination Network (RCN) will be convening a session at the upcoming fall American Geophysical Union meeting (AGU). The session, B071. Vulnerability o Permafrost Carbon to Climate Change, has received 53 abstracts and has been allocated three oral time slots.  The annual meeting of the network will also be taking place in conjunction with AGU, and is being held at the Intercontenental Hotel on 8 December in San Francisco.  For more information on the meeting and other recent developments, please visit their website: http://www.permafrostcarbon.org/

Recent publications from the Research Carbon Network: