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CliC News

Here's what has been happening lately in CliC. Let us know if you have things to share.

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Call for Input - SOOS International Strategy for Under Ice Observations

-SOOS is a CliC endorsed project and a close partner. CliC helped to sponsor the workshop this strategy was based upon.

The Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) coordinated a workshop to help develop an international strategy for observing the ocean beneath the Antarctic sea ice and ice shelves. The draft of this strategy is now available and SOOS is seeking comments before November 4.

The focus of the strategy is on the ocean between the northern boundary of the winter sea-ice edge and the Antarctic coast. Interactions between the atmosphere, ocean and both sea ice and glacial ice (ice shelves, glacier tongues) will be discussed. Observations of the ice itself (e.g., structure of sea ice, glaciology) are clearly relevant but not the primary focus of this initiative.

Please send any comments you have to the committee members:
Steve Rintoul  (CSIRO, Aus);   Esmee van Wijk (CSIRO, Aus);   Anna Wåhlin (Gothenburg Uni, Sweden)

Draft Report (Word Document for tracking comments)
Report Figures (pdf - 3.8MB)


Call for Abstracts: Arctic Science Summit Week 2015, Toyma, Japan

The Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) is the annual gathering of the international organizations engaged in supporting and facilitating Arctic research. The purpose of the summit is to provide opportunities for coordination, collaboration and cooperation in all areas of Arctic science. The summit attracts scientists, students, policy makers and other professionals from all over the world. The ASSW 2015 will be held in Toyama (Japan) on April 23-30 and include business meetings of the participating organizations on April 23-25, excursions and a public lecture (in Japanese) on April 26 and a four day science symposium on April 27-30, combining the Fourth International Symposium on Arctic Research (ISAR‐4) and the Third International Conference on the Arctic Research Planning (ICARP III). Several sessions are directly linked to CliC activities and we encourage you to submit an abstract and attend the conference.

The Call for Abstracts for oral and poster presentations at the ISAR‐4 / ICARP III is now open. The Symposium will address the overarching themes “Rapid change of the Arctic climate system and its global influence” (ISAR-4) and “Integrating Arctic Research: a Roadmap for the Future” (ICARP III). Conference Organizers invite you to submit abstracts to one of the session listed below. Submissions can be made via the conference website at http://www.assw2015.org. The call for abstracts closes November 10, 2014. Download the 3rd circular for more information.

Full session descriptions can be found here: http://isar-4.jp/linkfile/session_list.pdf


Science Feature: Norwegian Young Sea ICE Cruise

DRIFT PATH The RV Lance will freeze into the ice north of Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, and passively drift with the ice, likely in a SW direction. Map: Norwegian Polar Institute

- Contributed by Harald Steen, Norwegian Polar Institute

The Arctic Ocean is experiencing a dramatic sea ice loss, not just the area covered by ice but also sea ice volume. We are obviously heading towards a system that was dominated by ice cover throughout the year to seasonal ice cover. This will understandably lead to a change but exactly how the climate, and weather patterns and ecosystem are going to change is more uncertain. To better our prognosis of future change we need good and relevant data. At present we only have scattered data from the drift ice north of Svalbard on the seasonal variation in physical and biological parameters. To close this gap of knowledge the Norwegian Polar Institute will through the Norwegian Young sea ICE cruise (N-ICE2015) project provide a comprehensive dataset on metrology, oceanography, cryosphere, chemistry and the ecosystem.

In January 2015 the research vessel Lance will be frozen into the ice north of Svalbard, at 83.25°N 30°E, and will passively drift with the ice. Judging from historic sea ice drift trajectories, it is likely that RV Lance will drift in a SW direction. The actual drift trajectory and speed are impossible to predict, but the ship will probably be freed from the ice by the end of March. RV Lance will then return to her starting position and start a second drift. Under all circumstances, the ice drift project will end in late June.

The Primary objective is to understand the effects of the new thin, first year, sea ice regime in the Arctic on energy flux, ice dynamics and the ice associated ecosystem, and local and global climate. The experiment will help to (i) understand how available ocean heat is mixed upwards towards the sea ice and to what extent it influences the sea ice energy budget, (ii) understand the fate of solar radiation incident on the first-year sea ice in the region and how its fate is affected by properties of the atmosphere, snow, ice, and ocean, (iii) quantify the changing mass balance of Arctic sea ice and its snow cover, (iv) model and understand the dynamics of the drifting ice, (v) understand the ice associated ecosystem and model future changes, and (vi) understand the effects on local and global weather systems.

N-ICE2015 will give us a golden opportunity to do science in an area, and at a time of year, that has seldom been studied before. An endeavor such as this is impossible without collaboration from many national and international groups. Through this joint effort, N-ICE2015 intends to produce a new and comprehensive dataset on the new sea ice regime in the north, enabling us to meet the future well prepared.

Data collected during this project will help to support the many activities of the CliC Arctic Sea Ice Working Group, as well as the Sea Ice and Climate Modeling Forum and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate Grand Challenge efforts.

For more information on this project visit: http://www.npolar.no/en/projects/details?pid=b98886ce-590a-48a8-b113-4b96e98c65c8 or contact Harald Steen, the project leader.

The CliC International Project Office is hosted by the Norwegian Polar Institute.

Information Request for Uses of CMIP5

- a request from our sponsor, WCRP, and their Working Group on Regional Climate

The WCRP Working Group on Regional Climate is soliciting input for a survey that examines past and potential future use of climate model outputs from the CMIP5 archive and related sources. The information collected will be made freely available and can be used to inform next steps in facilitating use of the CMIP5 archive and planning CMIP6 and other activities.

CMIP5 has provided an important source of information underlying both the WGI and WGII reports of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, as well as a much wider range of studies on physical climate science and vulnerability, impacts and adaptation (VIA) studies. While the physical climate science (WGI) community has been surveyed about CMIP5 as part of the preparations for CMIP6 (see http://www.wcrp-climate.org/index.php/wgcm-cmip/wgcm-cmip6), the VIA community has not yet had an opportunity to provide input. Thus we have designed this survey from the perspective of the VIA community in order to ensure that your voice is heard. It is being co-ordinated as part of the activities of the WCRP Working Group on Regional Climate (WGRC http://www.wcrp-climate.org/index.php/regional-climate).

We will produce a summary report of responses and will use our linkages into various working groups, workshops and other fora (including CMIP Panel and WCRP Working Group on Climate Modelling activities, and even some national activities), so that your views can be considered and discussed alongside those of other users. Your responses will also be very valuable for WGRC activities.

In order to feed into a number of activities happening in the autumn, we would like to receive your response by 30 September at the latest. If provided, your contact details will be kept confidential, and no individuals will be identifiable in the summary report.

This is the link to the survey:

We would like as many people as possible to undertake the survey, so please circulate it widely around your networks.

With many thanks for your help in what we consider to be an important endeavour, and best wishes from Clare Goodess, Linda Mearns, Richard Moss, Tim Carter, Bruce Hewitson, Kendra Gotangco and Roberta Boscolo


Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop Report Available

In June 2014 CliC supported the Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop 2014 (www.eucop4.org/permafrost-young- researchers-workshop.html), which was held in conjunction with the Fourth European Conference on Permafrost 2014 in Evora, Portugal (www.eucop4.org). This workshop involved about 100 early career permafrost scientists and engineers. The major focus of the workshop was to determine future avenues of permafrost research from a young researchers‘ perspective. This activity was mentored by the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), who is leading the process towards ICARP III (3rd International Conference on Arctic Research Planning), and the International Permafrost Association (IPA) together with CliC, both coordinating permafrost activities within ICARP III.


ICARP III and the Cryosphere

The scientific, political and economic interest in the Arctic is rapidly growing and the increasing number of Arctic and Polar research programs requires a better coordination in order to ensure the best value for funds spent. Thus, agreeing on shared objectives, across all eight Arctic states and with other countries and international programs is becoming increasingly important. Consequently, the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) initiated the planning of a third ICARP, to be held in conjunctions with its 25th anniversary in 2015, and invited all interested partner organizations to participate in shaping the future of Arctic research needs.

CliC is one of the members of the ICARP III Steering Committee and is contributing through a number of projects:

Arctic Freshwater Synthesis
Permafrost Research - A Roadmap for the Future
Linkages between Arctic Climate Change and Mid-latitude Weather Extremes
Arctic Snow Cover Changes and their Consequences
Permafrost Young Researchers Workshop
Where Are They Now?
ICARP III FrostBytes

The Fall 2014 Issues of the IASC Newsletter provides an introduction to ICARP III and features some of the projects that CliC is sponsoring.  For more information on ICARP III and the current list of projects related to the cryosphere, visit http://www.climate-cryosphere.org/activities/projects/995-icarp3.

CliC Executive Officer Position Available

The Climate and the Cryosphere (CliC) Project and the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) invite applications for a permanent position as Executive Officer for the CliC International Project Office.

As a core project of the World Climate Research Programme, the "Climate and Cryosphere" project encourages and promotes research into the cryosphere and its interactions as part of the global climate system. It seeks to focus attention on the most important issues, encourage communication between researchers with common interests in cryospheric and climate science, promote international co-operation, and highlight the importance of this field of science to policy makers, funding agencies, and the general public. CliC also publishes significant findings regarding the role of the cryosphere in climate, and recommends directions for future study. The CliC International Project Office is hosted by the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI).

The application deadline is 7th October 2014.

More information on CliC is available at www.climate-cryosphere.org and www.wcrp-climate.org.
More information about the Norwegian Polar Institute can be found at www.npolar.no.

Download the job description and application information


Arctic Freshwater Synthesis Project Update

- contributed by Arvid Bring and Johanna Mård Karlsson, Stockholm University, project co-leads

There is increasing scientific recognition that changes to the Arctic freshwater systems has produced, and could produce even greater, changes to bio-geophysical and socio-economic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce some extra-arctic effects that will have global consequences. To address such concerns, a scientific synthesis is being conducted that focuses on assessing the various Arctic freshwater sources, fluxes, storage and effects. Notably, most of these are directly or indirectly controlled by cryospheric components and processes.

The Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFS) is structured around five major components: atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial hydrology, terrestrial ecology and resources, with modeling as a sixth cross-cutting component. The AFS is currently being developed with scientific and financial support from the World Climate Research Program’s Climate and Cryosphere Project (CliC), the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), the Arctic Council’s Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment.

Publication plans for the AFS include a number of reports tailored to the scientific foci of the individual participating organizations, and to a suite of scientific-journal review papers.  Research needs identified by the AFS are also to act as benchmarks for the upcoming International Conference on Arctic Research Planning III, planned for 2015 and will form the basis for policy recommendations to be presented to the Arctic Council.

So far, the project has involved two meetings of scientific co-leads that are responsible for each component. Writing teams for each component have been formed, and first-order drafts of each review paper have been finished. Next steps involve meetings and continued work for each component writing team to produce the final texts.

For further information contact the project leads: Terry Prowse, Arvid Bring, Johanna Mård Karlson.

Gwen Hamon Joins CliC Office

The CliC Office is happy to welcome Gwénaëlle Hamon to our team for the remainder of 2014. Gwen will work on various CliC activities but will more specifically help the team with the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis Project in preparation for the 3rd International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP III). Gwen holds a Master’s degree in Ecology and Environmental Studies from the University Paris-Sud XI in France where she is from. Gwen worked for more than four years for the Global Ocean Forum, an NGO dealing with international marine policy issues based at the Center for Marine Policy of the University of Delaware in the USA. She had a central role in the NGO in terms of project management and science coordination. Before that Gwen worked at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris as an intern working on scientific research and commercial uses of marine genetic resources. Gwen is currently on contract here in Tromsø until mid-December.